Expressing opinions with comparatives

Expressing Opinions with Comparatives

Comparatives express two things that are not equal. There are two types of comparative forms, usually based on the amount of syllables in the adjective concerned. Usually, for short adjectives like “hard”, we simply add “-er” to the adjective Ex. “harder”. For longer adjectives like “difficult”, we use the word “more” before the adjective. Ex. “more difficult”. The comparative form is usually conjugated using the verb “be”, but other stative verbs can also be used. The comparative form always includes the word “than”. The same applies to adverbs when you are using active verbs like “type”.

(# of syllables)Form Example
1 – 2verb (stative) + adj+er than or verb (active) + adv+er thanAs I see it, the merger has been harder than wethought.
2+verb + more + adjective /adverb + than (positive)verb+ less + adjective /adverb + than (negative)I believe that L&L is more profitable than C&C Logistics.
C&C Logistics is less effective than L&L Logistics.
Exceptionsgood = betterbad = worsefun – more funbetter thanworse thanIt is clear that, Japanese cars are better than Italian cars.
In my opinion, their service is worse than ours.

Comparative Examples

Adjective Sentence with adjective Sentence with a comparative
good The report is very good. The report is better than the last one.
effective The salesman is effective. The salesman is more effective than me.
expensive The new photocopier was expensive. The new photocopier was more expensive than the last one.
cheap This pen is very cheap. This pen is cheaper than yours.
fast The typist is quite fast. The typist is faster than a printer.
honest The accountant is not very honest. The accountant is less honest than a lawyer.
transparent Their account is transparent. Their account is more transparent than what’s required.
risky The venture is risky. The venture is riskier than you think.
bold That is a bold market tactic. That is a bolder market tactic than ours.
Adverb Sentence with adverb Sentence with an comparative
good You are driving wellYou are driving better than him.
effective He is writing effectively. He is writing more effectively than you.
always She is always efficient. She is always more efficient than him.
correctly You write correctly. You write more correctly than the others.
quickly She types quickly. She types more quickly than Sally.
rarely He rarely uses the fax machine. He uses the fax machine less than others.
adequately The employee works adequately. The employee works more adequately than the boss.
precariously The pilot navigates precariously. The pilot navigates more precariously than me.
bold The salesman boldly negotiates.The salesman negotiates more boldly than you.