Expressing Opinions with Comparatives
Comparatives express two things that are not equal. There are two types of comparative forms, usually based on the amount of syllables in the adjective concerned. Usually, for short adjectives like “hard”, we simply add “-er” to the adjective Ex. “harder”. For longer adjectives like “difficult”, we use the word “more” before the adjective. Ex. “more difficult”. The comparative form is usually conjugated using the verb “be”, but other stative verbs can also be used. The comparative form always includes the word “than”. The same applies to adverbs when you are using active verbs like “type”.
|(# of syllables)
|1 – 2
|verb (stative) + adj+er than or verb (active) + adv+er than
|As I see it, the merger has been harder than wethought.
|verb + more + adjective /adverb + than (positive)verb+ less + adjective /adverb + than (negative)
|I believe that L&L is more profitable than C&C Logistics.
C&C Logistics is less effective than L&L Logistics.
|Exceptionsgood = betterbad = worsefun – more fun
|better thanworse than
|It is clear that, Japanese cars are better than Italian cars.
In my opinion, their service is worse than ours.
|Sentence with adjective
|Sentence with a comparative
|The report is very good.
|The report is better than the last one.
|The salesman is effective.
|The salesman is more effective than me.
|The new photocopier was expensive.
|The new photocopier was more expensive than the last one.
|This pen is very cheap.
|This pen is cheaper than yours.
|The typist is quite fast.
|The typist is faster than a printer.
|The accountant is not very honest.
|The accountant is less honest than a lawyer.
|Their account is transparent.
|Their account is more transparent than what’s required.
|The venture is risky.
|The venture is riskier than you think.
|That is a bold market tactic.
|That is a bolder market tactic than ours.
|Sentence with adverb
|Sentence with an comparative
|You are driving well.
|You are driving better than him.
|He is writing effectively.
|He is writing more effectively than you.
|She is always efficient.
|She is always more efficient than him.
|You write correctly.
|You write more correctly than the others.
|She types quickly.
|She types more quickly than Sally.
|He rarely uses the fax machine.
|He uses the fax machine less than others.
|The employee works adequately.
|The employee works more adequately than the boss.
|The pilot navigates precariously.
|The pilot navigates more precariously than me.
|The salesman boldly negotiates.
|The salesman negotiates more boldly than you.